Posted by Dayne Hudson in Weight Loss
Estimated reading time: 4mins
You've probably noticed that some people tend to gain more weight than others.
Some people can get better weight loss results from dieting in a short amount of time, whilst others have to work really hard. There are many factors at play here, namely, genetics.
Your genetics play a role in energy balance and nutrient partitioning which govern fat loss.
To illustrate how this works, consider this study which overfed 12 twins by 1000 calories for 84 days, with each twin entering a surplus of 84,000 calories over the period!
And what did they find?
The average weight gained was 8.1 kilograms, but there was a huge difference in the range: 4.3 kilograms to 13.3 kilograms!
The authors concluded that "genetic factors" are involved, which may govern the tendency to store energy as either fat or lean tissue.
The researchers added that these genetics accounts for around 40% of the variation in weight gain and fat distribution!
Do you have a brother or sister that seems like they always add more or less weight than you? Well, now you know why!
Further research has discovered that our body fat distribution is approximately 22-61% explained by the genetics we've inherited.
Now sure, genes affect energy balance, but the fundamental fact remains: weight loss can only occur in a calorie deficit.
And this phenomenon has been seen in other studies, too.
NEAT stands for non-exercise activity thermogenesis. It refers to our daily movements that burn calories that aren't specifically exercise. For example:
These activities might not seem like "hardcore exercise."
But consider research suggests we can burn an extra 350 calories a day from NEAT activities!
And this brings us to the point: Some of us have a higher level of NEAT, and thus burn more excess calories than others.
For example, in this study, 16 subjects (4 females and 12 males) were overfed 1000 calories for 8 weeks.
Over the 8 weeks, an average of 432 calories per day was stored, and 531 were burned during increased energy expenditure. And the difference in fat gained was huge: 0.36kg to 4.23kgs!
And this was due to NEAT.
This may be you or it may not, but some people can burn an astronomical amount of calories even after being overfed, via NEAT, in response to overfeeding.
They tap their feet, bounce their leg, whatever it is.
In fact, one subject's NEAT increased so much that they torched 700 of the 1000 calorie surplus!
In another study, resistance-trained subjects were overfed 800 calories per day from NEAT. But this was different: it was via whey protein.
And because of protein's high thermogenic effect (30%), the subjects gained NO body fat!
A lean protein source like Bulk Nutrients WPC is great for when you want to consume more calories than you burn, for limited fat gains!
So if you're someone who you feel gains fat relatively easily in a surplus, then ensure your overfeeding comes from lean protein sources, in which case you're less likely to gain a lot of fat.
Is that a large calorie surplus means we'll gain weight, but how much we gain is dependent on factors like genetics, and NEAT, which stands for non-exercise activity thermogenesis. In one study, where the weight gained was 8.1 kilograms after subjects were overfed, the difference in fat gained was between 4.3 kilograms to 13.3 kilograms! If you're really hungry and want to eat more calories than you burn, consider getting them from protein. Otherwise, try and get into the habit of increasing your NEAT. Generally, two people gain a different amount of weight from the same calorie surplus.